R&D

"I'll get right to be bottom line.  The President's FY 97 budget
marks the fourth consecutive year that President Clinton has called
for increases in science, technology, and education investments --
investments we need to carry us into the 21st century.  This budget
delivers on President Clinton's commitment to maintain critical
science and technology investments as a priority while balancing
the budget."
  -- John Gibbons, Assistant to the President for Science and
Technology

20 Mar 1996

As reported in FYI #35, Robert Walker's (R-PA) House Science
Committee held a February 28 hearing on the National Academies
report entitled, "Allocating Federal Funds for Science and
Technology."  For the hearing, two top officials of the American
Physical Society submitted a written statement to the Science
Committee with their views on the report's findings.  (See FYI
#172, 1995 for the report's 13 specific recommendations.)  This FYI
quotes excerpts from the statement, signed by APS President J.

5 Mar 1996

In the ongoing dialogue over competing congressional and
administration budget proposals, an important number to the science
community is the amount that federal research and development
funding would be cut to achieve a balanced budget by the year 2002.
Based on the balanced budget resolution passed by Congress last
June, the American Association for the Advancement of Science
(AAAS) estimated that non-military research and development funding
would, by 2002, be reduced by one-third from its FY 1995 level.

5 Mar 1996

"If used well by policy makers in both the legislative and
executive branches, the Press report will be a good tool for
evaluating science policy.  I want this report used as a starting
point for the discussions we will have over the coming months." 
      --Science Committee Chairman Robert Walker

4 Mar 1996

Congress returns to Washington later this month to wrap-up
unfinished FY 1996 appropriations legislation and start work on the
FY 1997 budget (see FYI #21.)  With continued emphasis on cutting
federal spending, this promises to be another important year for
the science community.  Central to a favorable funding outcome is,
many believe, the active participation of the science community in
communicating with Congress.

16 Feb 1996

The potential impact on federal science funding from
deficit-reduction efforts has prompted a number of groups and
organizations to issue statements supporting government-funded
science.  A recent position paper of the Council of Scientific
Society Presidents (CSSP) makes the case for government funding of
university research.  Roland Schmitt, chair of the AIP Governing
Board, is a CSSP member, as are the presidents of the following AIP
Member Societies:  the Acoustical Society of America, the American

17 Jan 1996

JANUARY: President Clinton nominates Federico Pena to be the new Secretary of Energy. Although having little energy experience, Pena comes to the position from the Department of Transportation with the reputation as a strong manager. On Capitol Hill, Senator Phil Gramm (R-TX) introduces a bill to authorize the doubling of federal non-defense R&D spending over the next ten years.

31 Dec 1998

  Efforts to increase the federal government's investment in science and technology became prominent this year. During 1997, scientific societies twice joined in issuing calls to boost future federal R&D spending. This spring, Senator Phil Gramm (R-TX) sponsored legislation to double civilian research spending, an action he repeated this fall with three other Democratic and Republican senators. In all instances, the importance of R&D, underpinned by federal spending, in strengthening the U.S. economy was stressed.

22 Dec 1997

"Today, the United States commits itself to join with CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Geneva, in an incredible exploration of one of the most fundamental questions of science: the nature of matter."-- OSTP Director John Gibbons

8 Dec 1997

On the morning of November 25, DOE held a press conference to announce its selection of Brookhaven Science Associates (BSA) as the new contractor to run Brookhaven National Laboratory (see FYI #145.) Later that day, DOE held a call-in question-and-answer session for reporters. Those participating on the DOE side included: DOE Office of Energy Research Director Martha Krebs; the executive manager of DOE's BNL Group, Dean Helms; and the incoming lab director, John Marburger.

2 Dec 1997

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