THE ATOMIC AGE
Taught in 1998 by Lawrence Badash at the University of California, Santa Barbara 
 
Textbooks

Bibliography

Reading assignments

Films



Textbooks. Please purchase the following paperbacked books: 
1. Lawrence Badash, Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons.

2. John Hersey, Hiroshima. 

3. Robert Jungk, Brighter Than a Thousand Suns.

4. Richard Smoke, National Security and the Nuclear Dilemma.

5. Philip Cantelon, Richard Hewlett, and Robert Williams (eds.), The American Atom.

Reading list.The following list contains both required and recommended reading selections. Only required selections (R), and the required texts listed above, will be found in the Library's Reserve Book Room: 

1.R Gary Allen, "Our security," American Opinion, 15 (July-Aug. 1972), 1-20. 
2.R Eugene Burdick & Harvey Wheeler, Fail Safe
3. Friedrich Dürrenmatt, The Physicists.
4. Laura Fermi, Atoms in the Family
5. Samuel Glasstone, Sourcebook on Atomic Energy. 
6. Bertrand Goldschmidt, The Atomic Adventure. 
7. Morton Grodzins & Eugene Rabinowitch (eds.), The Atomic Age.


8.R David Gumaer, "Peace symbols," American Opinion, 13 (June 1970), 1-16. 
9. Richard Hewlett & Oscar Anderson, The New World, 1939/1946.
10. Richard Hewlett & Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947/1952.
11. Fred M. Kaplan, Dubious Spectre: A Skeptical Look at the Soviet Nuclear Threat. 
12. Fletcher Knebel & Charles Bailey, No High Ground. 
13. Lansing Lamont, Day of Trinity. 
14. Ralph Lapp, A Citizen's Guide to Nuclear Power. 
15. Walter M. Miller, A Canticle for Liebowitz. 
16. Dorothy Nelkin, Nuclear Power and its Critics.
17R. Linus Pauling, "Science and peace," 1962 Nobel Peace Prize lecture. 
18. Linus Pauling, No More War. 
19. Carroll Pursell (ed.), The Military-Industrial Complex. 
20. George Rathjens, "Dynamics of the arms race," Scientific American, 220 (Apr. 1969), 15-25. 
21. Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb. 
22. Richard Rhodes, Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb. 
23. Michael Riordan (ed.), The Day After Midnight: The Effects of Nuclear War.
24.R Issue of SANE World, 15 Apr. 1964. 
25.R Science interview with Kistiakowsky, Wiesner, 26 Nov. 1971.
26. Nevil Shute, On the Beach. 
27. Alice K. Smith, A Peril and a Hope. 
28. Cushing Strout (ed.), Conscience, Science, and Security: The Case of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer. 
29. Herbert York, "Military technology and national security," Scientific American, 221 (Aug. 1969), 17-29. 

Reading Assignments: Plan to read about half a book a week, plus some articles--a normal load for a history course. Don't fall behind in your reading; in fact, it is wise to get far ahead. The following selections from the above lists are given in the suggested order of reading. An asterisk means recommended reading (not on exams). Note that these assignments cover much material not in the lectures, and that you are responsible for the synthesis of both. Note also that these are not weekly assignments; we will spend more time on some subjects and less on others. 

Background and Overview. (Read during Week 1) 1. Jungk, all. 2. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 1-5. *3. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 1. *4. Goldschmidt, ch. 1. *5. Glasstone, all. 

Manhattan Project. (Weeks 2-3) 6. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 6-21. 7. Badash, all. *8. Hewlett & Anderson, ch. 1-9. *9. Lamont, all. *10. Goldschmidt, ch. 2. *11. Fermi, all. *12. Rhodes, Atomic Bomb, all. 

Hiroshima and Nagasaki.(Week 4) 13. Hersey, all. *14. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 2-4. *15. Hewlett & Anderson, ch. 10-11. *16. Knebel & Bailey, all. 

Efforts to Control Nuclear Energy. (Week 5) 17. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 22-26. *18. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 6-15. *19. Hewlett & Anderson, ch. 12-17. *20. Goldschmidt, ch. 3. *21. Smith, all. 

Soviet A-Bomb, H-Bombs. (Week 6) 22. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 27-34. 23. Smoke, ch. 1-4. *24. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 16-18. *25. Hewlett & Duncan, all. *26. Goldschmidt, ch. 4. *27. Rhodes, Hydrogen Bomb, all. 

Loyalty, Security, Secrecy. (Week 7) 28. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 35-38. 29. Smoke, ch. 5-6. *30. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 40-48. *31. Strout, all. 

Arms Race, Thermonuclear Strategy. (Weeks 7-9) 32. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 45-52. 33. Smoke, ch. 7-11. 34. Burdick & Wheeler, all. 35. Science interview with Kistiakowsky, Wiesner. 36. Allen, all. *37. Rathjens, all. *38. York, all. *39. Kaplan, all. *40. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 22-25. *41. Goldschmidt, ch. 8. *42. Pursell, all. 

Fallout, Civil Defense, Effects of Nuclear War. (Week 9) 43. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 39-41. 44. Smoke, ch. 12-14. *45. Riordan, all. *46. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 32-39. *47. Pauling, No More War, all. *48. Shute, all. 

Arms Control and Disarmament Efforts, Morality. (Week 10) 49. Cantelon, Hewlett, & Williams, documents 42-44, 53-64. 50. Smoke, ch. 15-16. 51. Pauling, Nobel lecture, all. 52. Issue of SANE World, all. 53. Gumaer, all. *54. Dürrenmatt, all. *55. Grodzins & Rabinowitch, ch. 26-31, 56-61. *56. Miller, all. 

Notes: 
1. All exams are in-class, closed-book, and closed-notes 
2. Midterm is 29 October 1998, 0800-0915. Bring bluebooks. 
3. Final is 10 December 1998, 0800-1100. Bring bluebooks. 
4. UCSB has purchased the 13-part TV series, "War and Peace in the Nuclear Age," which first aired in the spring of 1989. This is an excellent supplement to History 105. These videotapes are on call in the Kerr Hall Learning Laboratory for individual, optional viewing. 
5. Another fine video is the one-hour ABC News Special from 1996, hosted by Peter Jennings, called "Hiroshima: Why the Bomb Was Dropped." It too is optional, in Kerr Hall. 
6. Yet another worthwhile learning/review tool is a compact disk entitled "Atomic Age." This CD was composed by a former student in History 105, Christopher Griffith, and is marketed by Softkey. You may view it in the Instructional Computing Laboratory. University of California, Santa Barbara Fall Quarter 1998 


Films to be shown in History 105, The Atomic Age 

All films are in Buchanan Hall, room 1930. Visitors are welcome. 

Oct. 1 at 0830 The Beginning or the End A 30 minute composite taken from a 1946 MGM full length movie on the Manhattan Project. It bombed at the box office, and deservedly so. The overacting is terrible, but the plot is useful for its outline. 

Oct. 13 at 0800 The Day Tomorrow Began An AEC film on Fermi's first reactor, built in Chicago in 1942. Very well done. 

Oct. 20 at 0800 Tale of Two Cities, and Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The first film, made by the US Army, shows structural damage but no human casualties. The second film, made by a peace group, shows people. The contrast is excellent. 

Nov. 3 at 0800 War Game The most powerful movie I've ever seen. Fictional destruction of a British city, and the aftermath. Commissioned by BBC, but denied showing on TV because it was "too good," i.e., too horrible. 

Nov. 10 at 0800 The Price of Peace and Freedom Made by the American Security Council, a right-wing group that successfully convinced the Reagan Administration that the Soviets were ten feet tall and ahead of the US in the Arms Race. Slick, professional job. 

Nov. 12 at 0800 War Without Winners Made by the moderate Center for Defense Information (headed by a retired admiral) in reply to the above. A bit low-keyed, but effective. 

Dec. 1 at 0800 The Last Epidemic Filmed excerpts from the 1980 San Francisco meeting of Physicians for Social Responsibility. Physicists and physicians described the medical consequences of nuclear war, concluding that medical care would be non-existent. 

 

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