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Dollfus, Audouin.
Oral history interview with Audouin Dollfus, 1986 September 2 and 1987 January 14.
Recollections of parents, early schooling, German occupation of Paris, early 1940s. Involvement with the Pic-du-Midi Observatory (Bernard Lyot), impressions of French and German astronomy, late 1940s to 1950s; polarimetric and polarization studies of sun and planets at Meudon Observatory. Communications and interactions with astronomers active in solar system research (G. P. Kuiper); extensive picture of efforts by Dollfus to study sun and planets through manned balloons (August Piccard, John Strong), 1950s and 1960s; attempts to measure water vapor in atmosphere of Mars. Develops planetary data center at Meudon Observatory, early 1960s; competition for telescope time at Meudon and Pic-du-Midi observatories; involvement in U.S. (Mariner 10) and Soviet (Mars-5) planetary missions; compares American, Soviet administration of science. Also prominently mentioned are: Charles Boyer, G. De Mottoni, John Strong, Otto Winzen, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, International Astronomical Union and NASA.
Dollfus, Audouin.
Kuiper, Gerard P. (Gerard Peter), 1905-1973
Pic-du-Midi Observatory.
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Astronomy -- France -- 20th century.
Astronomy -- Germany -- 20th century.
Balloons in astronomy.
Communication in science.
Planets -- Databases.
Project Mariner (U.S.)
France -- History -- German occupation, 1940-1945.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Mars-5.
Mars (Planet) -- Research.
Lyot, Bernard Ferdinand.
Piccard, August.
Strong, John, 1905-
Meudon Observatory.
Doel, Ronald Edmund interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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