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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Geophysics and Oceanography: Warm Core Rings (WCR), 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Science Foundation or other U.S. funding agencies; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Principal Investigators, science management offices, consortia headquarters, advisory groups, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in geophysics and oceanography. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: Goddard Space Flight Center, Wallops Island: Frank Hoge; Harvard University: James McCarthy; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University: James Bishop; Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Glenn Flierl [transcript not available]; Oregon State University: David Nelson; Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami: Othis Brown, Robert Evans; Texas A&M University: David Shink; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Peter Wiebe. Other institutions involved in the collaboration include: Bigelow Laboratory; University of California, Santa Barbara; Dalhousie University; Harvard University; University of Maryland; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Miami; NASA; National Marine Fisheries Service; Naval Post Graduate School; Nova University; and the University of Rhode Island.
Initiated in 1981, the Warm Core Rings project used three research vessels to sample repeatedly, in coordinated fashion, selected meso-scale eddies that separate from the Gulf Stream off the eastern coast of the United States and move separately through the surrounding water. The integrity of these rings and the ability to track them by satellite allowed scientists from all the oceanographic disciplines to study ocean processes in a relatively controlled setting and in conjunction with others studying related processes. A Science Management Office at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution managed this project, with assistance of an Executive Committee comprised of participating scientists from each of the disciplines represented in the project.
Goddard Space Flight Center.
Harvard University.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Oregon State University.
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science.
Texas A&M University.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Space sciences.
Oceanography.
Group work in research.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Warm Core Rings.
McCarthy, James J.
Nelson, David M.
Wiebe, Peter H.
Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics)
Bishop, James.
Brown, Otis.
Evans, Robert.
Flierl, Glenn.
Hoge, Frank.
Shink, David.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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