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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Geophysics and Oceanography: Incorporated Research Institutes for Seismology (IRIS), 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Science Foundation or other U.S. funding agencies; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Principal Investigators, science management offices, consortia headquarters, advisory groups, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in geophysics and oceanography. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: Harvard University: Adam Dziewonski; IRIS: Tim Ahern, James Fowler; Pennsylvania State University: Shelton Alexander; Princeton University: Robert Phinney; Purdue University: Lawrence Braile, William Lutter; Quanterra Corporation: Joseph Steim; Refraction Technology Inc.: Paul Passmore; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego: John Orcutt; University of California, Berkeley: Thomas McEvilly; University of Texas at Dallas: George McMechan; University of Texas at El Paso: Stephen Harder, George Keller; University of Washington: Stewart Smith. Other institutions involved in the collaboration include United States Geological Survey, and the 50 American academic institutions which comprised the membership of the IRIS consortium at the time of the AIP study.
Established in 1984, the Incorporated Research Institutes for Seismology, a large consortium of academic institutions, provides academic seismologists with cost-effective access to the advantages of digital technology. IRIS was organized around three components: the Global Seismic Network (GSN), which installs very-broad-band seismometers in network stations to enable scientists to monitor broader frequency and amplitude bands of seismic activity; the Program for Array Studies of the Continental Lithosphere (PASSCAL), which loans digital, portable seismometers that enable scientists to design more varied and sophisticated active-source seismic experiments; and the Data Management Center (DMC), which provides scientists with access to and utilities for processing the data collected with IRIS instrumentation. The IRIS consortium also works with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to set up a seismic monitoring program in the former Soviet Union, but the AIP study did not cover this aspect.
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Harvard University.
Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology.
Pennsylvania State University.
Princeton University.
Purdue University.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
University of California, Berkeley.
University of California, San Diego.
University of Texas at Dallas.
University of Texas at El Paso.
University of the State of New York.
University of Washington.
Geophysics.
Geophysics -- International cooperation.
Seismology.
Group work in research.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Quanterra Inc.
Refraction Technology Inc.
Alexander, Shelton S.
Braile, Lawrence.
Dziewonski, A. M.
Keller, G. Randy (George Randy), 1946-
McEvilly, Thomas.
Orcutt, John.
Phinney, Robert A.
Smith, Stewart W.
Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics)
Ahern, Tim.
Fowler, James.
Harder, Stephen.
Lutter, William.
McMechan, George A.
Passmore, Paul.
Steim, Joseph.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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