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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Space Science: Voyager, 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Project Manager, Project Scientist, Program Manager, Program Scientist, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in space science. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: Goddard Space Flight Center: Barney Conrath, F. Michael Flasar, Rudolph Hanel; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology: John Casani, Ernest Franzgrote, Charles Kohlhase, Arthur Lane, Harris Schurmeier, Edward Stone, George Textor; NASA Headquarters: Warren Keller, Ichtique Rasool; Observatoire de Paris: Daniel Gautier; Rice University: Michael Allison; University of Arizona: A. Lyle Broadfoot, Donald Shemansky; University of Colorado: Charles Hord, Charles Lillie; University of Michigan: Thomas Donahue. Other institutions involved in the experiments upon which the AIP study focused include: California Institute of Technology, Cornell University, U. S. Geological Survey, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Kitt Peak National Observatory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, NASA-Ames Research Center, Rand Corporation, Service d'Aeronomie du CNRS, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, State University of New York at Stony Brook, University of Trieste, University of Wisconsin, and York University (Ontario).
This pair of identical interplanetary spacecrafts, developed in the early 1970s by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and launched in 1977, flew by several of the outer planets, taking advantage of a rare planetary configuration in which the gravitation of each planet could be used to boost the spacecrafts to the next. The spacecrafts each carried 11 experiments (instruments). Each was built by a team consisting of a principal investigator with his/her institution's students, postdocs, engineers, and technicians, plus a set of co-investigators, who were often from other institutions and could bring in their own sets of students, postdocs, engineers, and technicians. More than 100 scientists participated. The AIP Study focused on the four instrument teams that had to coordinate data-taking strategies because all were bolted to the spacecrafts' lone scan platforms.
Ames Research Center.
California Institute of Technology.
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France).
Cornell University.
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
Goddard Space Flight Center.
Harvard University.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.)
Johns Hopkins University.
Kitt Peak National Observatory.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Observatoire de Paris.
Rand Corporation.
Rice University.
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
State University of New York at Stony Brook.
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Università degli studi di Trieste.
University of Arizona.
University of Colorado, Boulder.
University of Michigan.
University of Wisconsin.
Voyager Project
Space sciences.
Space sciences -- International cooperation.
Space vehicles.
Group work in research.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
York University (Ontario, Canada)
Allison, Michael.
Belton, M. J. S.
Donahue, Thomas M.
Gautier, D. (Daniel)
Hanel, R. A.
Kohlhase, Charles
Lane, Arthur L.
Owen, Tobias C.
Shemansky, D. E.
Stone, Edward, 1936-
Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics)
Broadfoot, A. Lyle.
Casani, John.
Conrath, Barney.
Flasar, F. Michael.
Franzgrote, Ernest.
Hord, Charles.
Keller, Warren.
Lillie, Charles F.
Rasool, Ichtique.
Schurmeier, Harris.
Smith, Bradford.
Textor, George.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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