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Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-1980
Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.
Early education; studies biophysics at Universität Frankfurt and Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut (Friedrich Dessauer, Rievsky); physics training (Erwin Madelung, Meissner); Dessauer's political troubles. Fellowship to Institut Radium (Marie Curie), 1933; building geiger counters (Frédéric Joliot-Curie); life and staff at Institut (Irene Joliot-Curie, Jean Perrin, Hans von Halban, Peter Preiswerk, Lew Kowarski, Rosenblum); Institut's role in development of nuclear physics (P.M.S. Blackett, Giuseppe Occhialini); first nuclear physics conference in Zurich (Paul Scherrer), 1933; London Conference of 1934 (Max Born, Maurice Goldhaber); F. Joliot-Curie thinking about accelerators and about building a cyclotron (Pierre Weiss); Gentner continues gamma ray work (Lise Meitner). Gentner leaves Institut after Curie's death; fellowship at Institute for Medical Research, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut, Heidelberg (Walther Bothe), 1935-1938; also lectures at Frankfurt on radioactivity, gamma rays, x-rays, and cosmic rays; builds the first Van der Graaf machine in Germany, 1936; first to use gamma rays to look for nuclear photo effect (Fowler, Lauritsen). Travels to United States to study cyclotrons (James Fisk), 1938; spends several months at University of California, Berkeley (E. O. Lawrence, Donald Cooksey); the fission story (Niels Bohr, J. R. Oppenheimer); calibrating ionization chamber and experimental work in fission; life and pre-war politics at Berkeley and Stanford University (Felix Bloch); visits California Institute of Technology (Fowler, Lauritsen, Max Delbrück); travels to Washington, DC (George Gamow, Edward Teller, Fleming, Merle Tuve); and ends tour in New York City (John R. Dunning, Lawrence, Bohr). Returns to Europe; visits John Cockcroft at University of Cambridge. Returns with wife to Germany in April, 1938; plans for Siemens to build cyclotron in Heidelberg canceled. Sent to Paris to interview F. Joliot-Curie on whereabouts of heavy water, July 1940; private meeting afterwards; works in Paris with F. Joliot-Curie on cyclotron, 1940-1942; returns to Heidelberg to build own cyclotron, 1942-1944. Difficulties of re-establishing nuclear physics in Germany after World War II (Cockcroft, Konrad Adenauer); building up new laboratories; CERN, DESY.
Died 1980.
Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967.
Blackett, P. M. S. (Patrick Maynard Stuart), Baron Blackett, 1897-1974.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Born, Max, 1882-1970
Bothe, W. (Walther), 1891-
Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967.
Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981.
Gamow, George, 1904-1968.
Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-1980
Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011-
Joliot-Curie, Frédéric
Joliot-Curie, Irène, 1897-1956.
Kowarski, Lew.
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
Madelung, Erwin, b. 1881
Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968.
Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942.
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Center)
Institut Curie.
Universität Frankfurt am Main.
Biophysics
Cosmic rays
Cyclotrons -- Design and construction.
Deuterium oxide.
Geiger-Müller counters -- Design and construction.
Nuclear physics.
Particle accelerators.
Radioactivity.
Van de Graaff generator.
X-rays.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Delbrück, Max.
Dessauer, Friedrich.
Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975.
Fleming.
Fowler.
Halban, Hans.
Lauritsen.
Occhialini, Giuseppe.
Preiswerk, Peter.
Rievsky.
Scherrer, Paul, 1890-1970.
Siemens, Werner von.
Weiss, Pierre, 1865-1940.
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Physik
Weiner, Charles. interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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