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Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986.
Oral history interview with Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann, 1978 June 23 and July 6.
Overview of work in stellar interiors and plasma physics. Early interest in science; family background. Universität Göttingen (Hans Kienle, Max Born, Richard Courant, James Franck), beginning in 1929; astrophysics as applied science; stellar models (Arthur S. Eddington); Bengt Strömgren; Ludwig Prandtl; Mixing Length Theory; Ph.D. thesis on convection in stellar core; Karl Schwarzschild, Albrecht Unsöld, J. Robert Emden; Biermann updates Unsöld's solar model; work on the theory of sunspots after 1937; similarity of Schwarzschild's work; travels to Edinburgh and Cambridge (R. A. Sampson, George C. McVittie), 1933-1934; mixing wave length theory (Erika Böhm Vitense); interest in solar corona; contact with Otto Struve, Walter Grotrian, Walter Baade, Hannes Alfvén, Bengt Edlén, Max Planck, Max von Laue, Peter Debye; the Berlin-Dahlem colloquia; von Laue stimulates Biermann's interest in cometary physics. Work in quantum mechanics, 1940-1950; contact with Niels Bohr, 1941; Biermann's first influences in plasma physics (Thomas G. Cowling); creation of magnetic fields in stars and stellar model with non-uniform rotation; World War II interrupts publication of research; influence of Karl Wurm; rocket flights to examine solar ultraviolet light (Julius Bartels), 1947. Work on comets, late 1940s; asked by Werner Heisenberg to set up astrophysics group in Göttingen, 1947; work on gas tails of comets; study of solar corona (Eugene Parker); Fred Whipple's contributions to comet theory; Eleanore Trefftz. Work on controlled fusion, beginning 1957; duplication of classified research in U.S. Visiting professorship University of California, Berkeley, 1959-1960, contact with Georg von Hevesy. Later work on the origin of comets.
Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Born, Max, 1882-1970
Courant, Richard, 1888-1972.
Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966-
Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944.
Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976
Laue, Max von, 1879-1960.
Planck, Max, 1858-1947.
Struve, Otto, 1897-1963.
Unsöld, Albrecht, 1905-
Universität Göttingen.
University of California, Berkeley.
Plasma astrophysics.
Quantum theory.
Spectrum, solar.
Stars -- Magnetic fields.
Stars -- Structure.
Sun -- Corona.
Sun -- Internal structure.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Berlin-Dahlem Colloquia.
Mixing Length Theory.
Alfvén, Hannes, 1908-1995
Baade, Walter, 1893-1960.
Cowling, T. G. (Thomas George)
Edlèn, Bengt.
Emden, Jacob Robert.
Franck, James, 1882-1964.
Grotrian, Walter.
Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966.
Kienle, Hans.
McVittie, George C. (George Cunliffe)
Parker, Eugene.
Prandtl, Ludwig, 1875-1953.
Sampson, Ralph Allen.
Schwarzschild, K. (Karl), 1873-1916.
Strömgren, Bengt, 1908-
Vitense, Erica Böhm.
Whipple, Fred L. (Fred Lawrence), 1906-2004
Gingerich, Owen. interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA