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Adel, Arthur, 1908-1994-
Oral history interview with Arthur Adel, 1987 August 13.
Family background, early life in Brooklyn and Detroit, high school; undergraduate studies at University of Michigan, switch from mathematics to physics. Graduate work at Michigan, 1931-1933; thesis research combines quantum mechanics and infrared spectroscopy. Difficulty finding academic job during Depression; works for Lowell Observatory while at Michigan, 1933-1936; devises long-path absorption cell, research in infrared spectrum of earth's atmosphere. Joins faculty of Johns Hopkins University (Gerhard Dietz), 1935-1936. To Lowell Observatory (Roger Lowell Putnam, V. M. Slipher, E. C. Slipher, C. O. Lampland), 1936; living conditions, constructing the prism spectrometer, studies in earth atmosphere, atmospheric chemistry of Venus, discovery of 20 micron window (Carl Sagan); constructing the grating spectrometer. Adel forced out of Lowell; problems encountered by Adel at Lowell; anti-Semitism. Wartime work in Washington, DC, submarine degaussing (Arthur Bennett), summer 1942. Returns to Michigan, 1941-1945, joins program for training military meteorologists; research to determine causes for failure of lcm radar. Joins McMath-Hulbert Observatory, 1946, discusses staff, autocratic research style. Accepts Air Force contract to build lab at Holloman Air Force Base, Alamagordo, NM to examine effective radiation temperatures of ozone, 1947-1948. Joins faculty of Arizona State College in Flagstaff, 1948; fate of the ozone lab. Air Force funding of Atmospheric Research Observatory at Arizona State College, 1950, establishing a database of ozone research; Yerkes Observatory Symposium, 1947; Gerard Kuiper, Otto Struve. Adel's place in infrared astronomy. Also prominently mentioned are: Ernest F. Barker; Professor Dennison; Edward Epstein; Henry Giclas; Leo Goldberg; Percival Lowell; Ohren Mohler; Henry Norris Russell; Edward Teller; George Uhlenbeck; Harry Wexler
Arthur Adel (1908-1994). B.A. (mathematics and physics), Ph.D. (physics) University of Michigan. Lowell Observatory, 1933-1935. Professor, University of Michigan, 1940s. Professor, Northern Arizona University, 1948-1976.
Adel, Arthur, 1908-1994
Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996
Struve, Otto, 1897-1963.
Arizona State College at Flagstaff.
Holloman Air Force Base (N.M.)
Johns Hopkins University.
Lowell Observatory.
University of Michigan.
Atmosphere -- Research.
Atmospheric ozone -- Research.
Infrared spectroscopy -- Research.
Meteorology -- Study and teaching.
Planets -- Atmospheres.
Spectrometer -- Design and construction.
World War, 1939-1945 -- War work.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Quantum theory.
Bennett, Arthur.
Dietz, Gerhard.
Kuiper, Gerard P. (Gerard Peter), 1905-1973
Lampland, C. O. (Carl Otto), 1873-1951.
Putnam, Roger Lowell.
Slipher, E. C.
Slipher, Vesto Melvin, 1875-1969.
McMath-Hulbert Observatory (University of Michigan)
Yerkes Observatory Symposium, (1947)
Smith, Robert W. (Robert William), 1952- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA