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York, Herbert F. (Herbert Frank).
Oral history interview with Herbert F. York, 1975 September 9 and 1976 May 13.
Family history and early education, work on cloud chamber at University of Rochester; graduate work at University of California at Berkeley on R-1 apparatus, 1943; colleagues Frank Oppenheimer, Fred Schmidt, Lester Van Atta. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory with Ernest Lawrence, work on graphite-uranium reactor design; political views about World War II, effect of war on Lab. Return to graduate studies at Berkeley, work on 60-inch and 184-inch cyclotrons, work on time separation of isotopes, pair production detectors, neutral mesons work with Burton J. Moyer, thesis on end-piece scattering with Emilio Segrè, relationships with Segrè, Robert Serber, Edwin McMillan; Moyer; elaboration of the time base separation device to improve efficiency of the Calutron for uranium with Lawrence; involvement in choosing site in Operation Greenhouse, 1951; Lawrence's political character and the political climate of science administration, the "oath controversy." Co-director with Hugh Bradner of Measurement Project conducting diagnostic experiments on the George Test at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory planning by Edward Teller, Lawrence, Enrico Fermi, and Richard Garwin; the Materials Testing Accelerator (MTA) creation, re-design and failure under auspices of California Research Corporation; involvement in neutron yield experiments, MTA site later turned into Livermore Laboratory, 1952; decision to open Livermore Lab; effect of the Soviet atomic bomb, 1949, and the Korean War, 1950, on the United States nuclear program.
Born 1921-1982.
Bradner, Hugh, 1915-2008
Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954.
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-
Segrè, Emilio.
Serber, R. (Robert)
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
Oppenheimer, Frank, 1912-1985
York, Herbert F. (Herbert Frank).
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
University of California, Berkeley.
University of Rochester.
Atomic bomb -- Soviet Union.
Calutron.
Cloud chamber
Cyclotrons.
Korean War, 1950-1953.
Mesons.
Nuclear energy -- Research -- United States.
Nuclear physics.
Nuclear reactors.
Particle accelerators -- Design and construction.
Physics -- Political aspects.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
McCarthyism.
Operation Greenhouse.
Garwin, Richard L.
Moyer, Burton Jones, 1912-1973.
Schmidt, Fred Henry, 1915-
Van Atta, Lester C.
California Research Corporation.
Norberg, Arthur L. (Arthur Lawrence), 1938- interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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