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White, Addison Hughson, 1909-
Oral history interview Addison Hughson White, 1976 September 30.
Family background and early education; studying chemistry at Occidental College. Work at Bell Laboratories in 1930s; job freeze during the Depression. Stanley Morgan's work on dielectric constants. Columbia University; Isidor Isaac Rabi's course; comparison of academic and industrial scientists; colloquia and study groups; Karl Darrow, Foster Nix, and William Shockley; transfer to Metallurgy Department, work on single crystals of zinc. The Bell Laboratories Record; work under Lester Germer and Clinton J. Davisson, their experiments; carbon deposits on filaments using x-ray diffraction; Richard Grisdale, Wilfred E. Campbell. Evolution in role of basic research at Bell Labs, Mervin Kelly's role; Oliver Buckley; Bell Labs conference, 1954; American Institute of Physics symposium. Awareness of work on copper oxide rectifiers by Joe Becker, C. Davisson, Walter Brattain; work on microphone carbon; Allan Holden's work on quartz; changes in the solid state program. The war years; material research of Jack Scaff and Grisdale; pn junction; technological application; effects of war on solid state research, interactions with other solid state centers. Postwar years, Leland A. Wooten's group, 1945; Dean Wooldridge's group; reasons for John Bardeen's leaving; James Fisk's group; development of transistor under William Shockley. Also prominently mentioned are: Ralph Bown, Karl Kelchner Darrow, Harvey Fletcher, Harold T. Friis, Conyers Herring, Stanley Owen Morgan, Gerald Leondus Pearson, Pierce, Charles Hard Townes; Bell Telephone Laboratories Colloquia, and Bell Telephone Laboratories Record.
Bardeen, John.
Becker, Joseph A.
Bown, Ralph.
Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987.
Buckley, O. E.
Campbell, Wilfred E.
Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-
Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958.
Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981.
Fletcher, Harvey, 1884-1981.
Friis, H. T. (Harald Trap), 1893-1976.
Holden, Alan
Kelly, Mervin Joe.
Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988
Shockley, William, 1910-1989-
Townes, Charles H.
Germer, Lester Halbert, 1896-
Grisdale, Richard Orvis.
Herring, William Conyers, 1914-
Morgan, Stanley Owen, 1900-
Nix, Foster Cary, 1905-
Pearsonn, Gerald Leondus.
Pierce.
Scaff, Jack Hall.
White, Addison Hughson, 1909-
Wooldridge, Dean E.
Wooten, Leland A.
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Columbia University
Occidental College.
Copper oxide rectifiers
Dielectric measurements.
Metallurgy
Solid state physics.
Transistors.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
X-rays -- Diffraction.
Zinc crystals.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Hoddeson, Lillian, interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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