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Townes, Charles H.
Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1987 May 20 and 21.
Early education and exposure to field; attends Duke University; graduate work at California Institute of Technology; Caltech environment; work with Smythe; develops interest in spectroscopy. Accepts position at Bell Laboratories; shift from research to engineering; attempts to pursuade Bell Labs to become involved in microwave spectroscopy. Impact of war on development of spectroscopy and physics in general. Interest in astronomy. Accepts I. I. Rabi's job offer at Columbia; work conditions at Columbia versus Bell Labs. Forms advisory committee on millimeter waves; on Navy committee for infrared radiation; feelings about committee work. Work on service advisory committees prior to position as director of research at the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA). Involvement in Office of Naval Research (ONR) committees on millimeter waves and infrared radiation; purpose and outcome of work, including development of maser concept; participation in non-service advisory committees; work at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Acceptance of IDA position; circumstances and considerations involved; views on direction of IDA. Involvement in establishing JASONe︣stablishing clearances, convincing Pentagon. JASON organizational structure; selection of projects and members; extent of Townes' own involvement in projects; impact of JASON on government advising and social policy.
Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988
Smythe, William Ralph, 1893-
Townes, Charles H.
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
California Institute of Technology
Columbia University
Duke University.
Institute for Defense Analyses.
United States. Office of Naval Research
JASON Defense Advisory Group
Astronomy.
Microwave spectroscopy.
Masers.
Science and state -- Government policy.
Science -- Political aspects -- United States.
Science -- Security measures.
Spectrum analysis.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Aaserud, Finn interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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