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Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997
Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1977 April 8 and 1978 May 10.
Early life and family origins; Phillips Andover Academy; teachers; Andover and Max Millikan; early interest in astronomy; methodology of science; undergraduate years at Yale University; hobbies, teachers at Yale; physics and Alan Waterman; interest in particle accelerator; extracurricular study group at Yale; interest in economics; Henry Fellowship at University of Cambridge; concentration in theoretical physics; studies with Arthur Eddington. Graduate work at Princeton, Henry Norris Russell, thesis, origins of solar system, spectra of M giants; faculty position at Yale; World War II work; return to Yale; move to Princeton, Martin Schwarzschild, conditions for research at Princeton; space research; Stellerator Program; Jesse Greenstein's Committee; Astronomy Missions Board. Work on planetary filaments; postdoctoral years at Havard University, 1938-1939; positions at Yale; work on underwater sound during World War II; interests in galactic evolution; stellar evolution; Walter Baade's Populations; interstellar medium; growth and activity of Princeton astronomy; Plasma Physics Group, rocketry; Copernicus satellite; large space telescope; funding; responses to specific questions in astronomy and cosmology. Also prominently mentioned are: Frederick M. Boyce, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Fred Hoyle, Raymond Lyttleton, Frank Schlesinger, Harlow Shapley, John Q. Stewart; and National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) Greenstein Committee.
Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995-
Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944.
Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002-
Hoyle, Fred, 1915-2001
Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957.
Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943.
Schwarzschild, Martin.
Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972.
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997
Harvard University.
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Phillips Andover Academy.
Princeton University.
University of Cambridge.
Yale University.
Astrophysics -- History
Galaxies -- Evolution.
Interstellar matter.
M stars.
Research -- Finance.
Particle accelerators.
Science -- Methodology.
Space sciences.
Stars -- Evolution.
Solar system -- Origin.
Underwater acoustics.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings lcgft
Copernicus (Satellite)
Baade, Walter, 1893-1960.
Boyce, Frederick M.
Lyttleton, Raymond Arthur
Millikan, Max.
Stewart, John Quincy, 1894-
Waterman, Alan Tower.
Hubble Space Telescope (Spacecraft)
DeVorkin, David H., 1944- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA