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Segrè, Emilio.
Oral history interview with Emilio Gino Segrè, 1967 February 13.
Founding of the school of physics, Università di Roma, role of Orso Mario Corbino and others in recruiting young physicists; the decision to work on nuclear physics; financial support for and public knowledge of work at the university; contacts with other laboratories in Europe and the U.S.; available technology in Rome, ca. 1930; journal literature; visitors to Rome; circumstances of move to Università di Palermo, 1936; work and facilities in Palermo; early failures of physicists to recognize fission; early uses of cyclotron; mathematics and nuclear physics in 1930s; models of the nucleus and experimental work; circumstances of move to University of California at Berkeley, 1938; experiment and theory in nuclear physics at Berkeley; work on radiochemistry; alteration of half-lives of beta-radioactive substances; detection equipment; effect of work at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory on nuclear physics; significance of nucleon-nucleon scattering experiments; entry into nuclear physics of students trained in technology during World War II; beginnings of high-energy physics; experimental physics and particle accelerators; fashions in physics; discovery of the antiproton; work considered personally satisfying. Also prominently mentioned are: Edoardo Amaldi, Felix Bloch, Niels Henrik David Bohr, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Michael Faraday, Otto Robert Frisch, Guglielmo, Georg von Hevesy, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Tullio Levi-Cività, Lo Surdo, Ettore Majorana, Lise Meitner, Ida Noddack, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Carlo Perrier, Franco D. Rasetti, Ernest Rutherford, Glenn Seaborg, Elfriede Segrè, V. Volterra, Chien-Shiung Wu, Hideki Yukawa; Columbia University, and Purdue University.
Emilio Gino Segrè (1905-1989), Italian physicist and Nobel laureate in physics. University of Rome, Ph.D. (physics), 1928, studying under Enrico Fermi. Assistant professor of physics, University of Rome (1932-1936); director of the Physics Laboratory, University of Palermo (1936-1938); research assistant, Berkeley Radiation Lab and lecturer in the physics department, University of California, Berkeley; Los Alamos National Laboratory, group leader for the Manhattan Project (1943-1946); professor of physics and history of science, University of California, Berkeley (1946-1972); University of Rome, professor of nuclear physics (1974- ).
Bloch, Felix, 1905-
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962.
Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984
Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867.
Frisch, Otto Robert, 1904-
Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966.
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
Majorana, Ettore.
Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968.
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967.
Rasetti, Franco, 1901-2001
Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937
Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999
Segrè, Emilio
Yukawa, Hideki, 1907-
Wu, C. S. (Chien-shiung), 1912-1997
Columbia University.
Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Purdue University.
Università di Palermo.
Università di Roma.
University of California, Berkeley.
Antiprotons.
Atomic structure.
Cyclotrons.
Mathematics.
Nuclear fission.
Nuclear models.
Nuclear physics.
Nucleon-nucleon scattering.
Particle accelerators.
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Radioactivity -- Measurement.
Radiochemistry.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Physicists. lcsh
Corbino, O. M. (Orso Mario) 1876-
Guglielmo.
Levi-Civita, Tullio, 1873-1941.
LoSurdo, Antonio.
Noddack, Ida, 1896-1978
Perrier, Carlo.
Segrè, Elfriede.
Volterra, V.
Weiner, Charles. interviewer.
Richman, Barry, interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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