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Ohl, Russell S.
Oral history interview with Russell S. Ohl, 1976 August 19 and 20.
Background and family, hobbies and high school education, premonitions about science; studies and state of science at Pennsylvania State University; Officer's Training during World War I; work at Westinghouse Lamp Company; effects of Depression and World War II on his career and on science, marriage; graduate work and instructor in physics at University of Colorado. AT&T work environment: comments on co-workers (in particular, Walter Brattain and William Shockley); influence of administrators on lab research policy: J. J. Carty, Frank Jewett, Mervin Kelly, Harald T. Friis, Carl R. Englund, Karl Jansky, Edmond Bruce, George Southworth, Bill Wilson, Oliver Buckley; Ohl transfers to Bell Labs, Cliffswood in 1927. Postwar work and retirement; Ohl's work in radio and semiconductors, discovery of the n-p junction, applications of electrochemical and quantum theory to the transistor; other discoveries such as the silicon solar battery; knowledge of various discoveries by colleagues; patents on discoveries, postwar input to the development of solid state physics. Also prominently mentioned are: Joseph A. Becker, Ralph Bowen, Lloyd Espenschied, Fuller, James Jeans, Oliver Lester, James O. Perrine, Jack Hall Scaff, Charles Steinmetz, Henry Theuerer; United States Army Signal Corps, and Western Electric Company.
Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987
Buckley, O. E.
Espenschied, Lloyd, 1889-
Jeans, James Hopwood, Sir, 1877-1946.
Kelly, Mervin Joe.
Perrine, James Owen, b. 1886.
Shockley, William, 1910-1989-
Steinmetz, Charles Proteus, 1865-1923.
AT & T Bell Laboratories
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Pennsylvania State University.
United States. Army. Signal Corps.
University of Colorado, Boulder
Western Electric Company.
Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company.
Patents.
Physical laboratories.
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Quantum theory.
Science and industry.
Semiconductors.
Solar batteries.
Solid state physics.
Transistors.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Patents
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Becker, Joseph A.
Bowen, Ralph.
Bruce, Edmond.
Carty, J. J.
Englund, Carl R.
Friis, H. T. (Harald Trap), 1893-1976.
Jansky, Karl G.
Jewett, Frank Baldwin.
Lester, Oliver.
Scaff, Jack Hall.
Southworth, George Clark.
Theuerer, Henry.
Wilson, William.
Hoddeson, Lillian. interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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