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Basov, N. G. (Nikolaĭ Gennadievich), 1922-2001
Oral history interview with Nikolai Gennadievich Basov, 1984 September 14.
Beginning of studies in molecular spectroscopy at Moscow Institute of Physics (MIFI) (1948). Invitation to Lebedev Institute (FIAN) by Mikhail Aleksandrovic Leontovich, head of the lab and MIFI theoretical physics department. Early radiospectroscopy work there with Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov using synchrotron. Inadequacy of low sensitivity equipment leading to development of maser-laser technology. Use of CsF molecule to solve problem of increasing the resolution of microwave frequency region. First indications of success reported at Conference on Radiospectroscopy, USSR Academy of Sciences, 1952 and first publication in field of quantum electronics with Prokhorov. Laboratory of Oscillations study of self excitation in a beam resonator system. Work atmosphere at FIAN. Basov's work during World War II, 1941-1945. Student at Moscow Institute of Physics, 1946. Joined Lebedev Physical Institute, 1948. Comments on relationship of Soviet politics and physics work. Comparison of American and Soviet science. Meeting with American scientists working in same area; comparison of their work with his. Colleagues working on semiconductor laser problems. Funding of laser programs. Scientific developments parallel with Theodore H. Maiman's ruby laser. Development of three-level maser. Diversification of laser technology in U.S. and Russia. Current laser research; history of laser development at Lebedev; prize winners in laser technology. Work atmosphere in newly developed Laboratory of Quantum Radiophysics. Applications of laser; research using modern spectroscopic methods; investigations on the properties of coherent radiation. Also prominently mentioned are: Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian, Nicolaas Bloembergen, V. A. Danilychev, V. Ya. Fainberg, F. S. Faizullov, Benjamin Lax, Theodore Maiman, A. N. Oraevskij, Yu. M. Popov, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Henry Evelyn Derrick Scovil, D. V. Skobeltsyn, Charles Hard Townes, S. I. Vavilov, I. G. Zubarev, V. S. Zuev; Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Akademiia nauk SSR, Conference of Faraday Society, Conference on Quantum Electronics, Conference on Radiospectroscopy, International Conference on Quantum ElectronicsR︣esonance Phenomena at A. F. Joffe Acad of Institute of Physics and Technology (Lenin), Laboratory of Oscillations (Soviet Union), and Lenin Prize.
Ambart︠s︡umi︠a︡n, V. A. (Viktor Amazaspovich)
Bloembergen, N.
Leontovich, M. A.
Popov, Iu. M.
Prokhorov, A. M. (Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich), 1916-
Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999
Skobelʹt︠s︡yn, D. V. (Dmitriĭ Vladimirovich), 1892-
Townes, Charles H.
Vavilov, S. I. (Sergeĭ Ivanovich), 1891-1951
Zuev, V. S.
Akademiia nauk.
Faraday Society Conference.
International Quantum Electronics Conference.
Lasers.
Lenin prizes.
Masers.
Spectrum analysis.
Synchrotrons.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Spectrum analysis.
Danilychev, V. A.
Fainberg, V. Ya.
Faizullov, F. S.
Lax, Benjamin.
Maiman, Theodore H.
Oraevskij, A. N.
Scovil, Henry Evelyn Derrick.
Zubarev, I. G.
Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Institute of Physics (Moscow, Soviet Union)
Ioffe Academy, Institute of Physics and Technology (Leningrad).
Laboratory of Oscillations (Soviet Union)
Laboratory of Quantum Radiophysics (Soviet Union)
Lebedev (P.N.) Physics Institute.
Conference on Quantum Electronics.
Conference on Radiospectroscopy.
Guenther, Arthur, interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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