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Alpher, Ralph
Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and second session is joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12.
Ralph Asher Alpher (1921-2007). Session two is a joint interview with Robert Herman. Family background and early education, work at Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, studies at George Washington University, wartime employment and studies, work with Navy on detection of mines; graduate studies with George Gamow while working at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, early universe theory, first encounter and later work with Robert Herman, interaction with physics community. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and L. R. Henrich, neglect of Alpher and Herman work by astronomical community; General Electric projects: supersonic flow, re-entry physics, the Talaria project; the Penzias/Wilson observations; honors, marriage. Miscellaneous recollections about youth in Washington, D.C., service on scientific committees, public education efforts, work at General Electric. Meeting of Alpher and Herman, their collaboration, cosmological theory, work with George Gamow, Edward Teller, Hans Bethe, Edward Condon, cosmic background radiation, controversy with steady-state adherents and others; systematic neglect of their work, nucleosynthesis in stars, reactions to awards, discussions with Arno A. Penzias at the time of Nobel Prize award (with Robert W. Wilson), correspondence with S. Pasternack about P. James Peeble's cosmology papers, Alpher paper on neutrino and photon background calculation, James Follin, C. Hayashi, Steven Weinberg's presentation in his book The First Three Minutes; current cosmological efforts, A. Zee's papers on cosmology, views on the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, Fred Hoyle's recent writings. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Henrik David Bohr, Albert Einstein, Richard Phillips Feynman, Lawrence Randolph Hafstad, Robert Hofstadter, Huntington, and H. P. Robertson.
Ralph Alpher, 1921-2007 ; Robert Herman, 1914-1997.
Alpher, Ralph
Bethe, Hans A, (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995
Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974.
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955
Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988
Gamow, George, 1904-1968.
Hafstad, Lawrence, 1904-
Herman, Robert, 1914-
Peebles, P. J. E. (Phillip James Edwin)
Penzias, Arno A.
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
Weinberg, Steven, 1933-
Zee, A.
Carnegie Institution of Washington. Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism.
City University of New York. City College
General Electric Company.
General Motors Corporation.
George Washington University.
Johns Hopkins University. Applied Physics Laboratory.
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
National Academy of Engineering.
Princeton University.
University of Maryland, College Park
University of Texas at Austin.
Aerodynamics.
Cosmology
Creative ability in science.
Infrared spectra.
Infrared spectroscopy
Macromolecules.
Mines (Military explosives).
Neutrinos.
Nitrogen -- Spectra.
Nucleosynthesis.
Photons.
Proximity fuzes
Quantum theory.
Radiation, Background.
Solar eclipses. 1925.
Stars.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Astrophysicists -- Interviews.
Follin, James.
Henrich, L. R.
Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-
Hoyle, Fred, Sir
Hyashi, C.
Hyle, Fred.
Pasternack, S.
Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000-
Wilson, Robert Woodrow, 1936-
Harwit, Martin, 1931- interviewer.
Herman, Robert, 1914- interviewee.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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